機房360首頁
          當前位置:首頁 ? 發電機組 ? 發電機組專業術語中英文對照大全

          發電機組專業術語中英文對照大全

          來源:中國綠色數據中心 作者:機房360 更新時間:2009-5-19 23:11:49

          摘要:發電機組專業術語中英文對照大全。

          A
          AC
          Alternating Current (AC) is electric current that alternates between a positive maximum value and a negative maximum value at a characteristic frequency, usually 50 or 60 cycles per second (Hertz).
          交流
          交流是指電流在正負最大值之間以特定的頻率變動,通常頻率為50或60赫茲。
          ANSI
          American National Standards Institute.
          美國國家標準協會
          美國國家標準協會
          Acoustic Material
          Acoustic material is any material considered in terms of its acoustic properties, especially its properties of absorbing or deadening sound.
          聲音材料
          聲音材料,特指有吸音或隔音特性的材料。
          Active Power
          Active power is the real power (kW) supplied by the generator set to the electrical load. Active power creates a load on the generator set's engine and is limited by the horsepower of the engine. Active power does the work of heating, turning motor shafts, etc.
          有功功率
          有功功率(kW),是指發電機組實際供應給負載的功率,它由發電機組的發動機提供,受到發動機馬力大小的限制。發熱和驅動馬達轉動靠有功功率完成。
          Air Circuit Breaker
          An air circuit breaker automatically interrupts the current flowing through it when the current exceeds the trip rating of the breaker. Air is the medium of electrical insulation between electrically live parts and grounded (earthed) metal parts.
          空氣線路斷路器
          空氣線路斷路器的功能是當電流大小超過斷路器的過流跳脫設定值后自動斷開。空氣是帶電零件和接地金屬零件之間的絕緣介質。
          Alternator
          Alternator is another term for AC generator.
          交流發電機
          交流發電機
          Amortisseur Windings
          The amortisseur windings of a synchronous AC generator are the conductors embedded in the pole faces of the rotor. They are connected together at both ends of the poles by end rings or end plates. Their function is to dampen waveform distortion during load changes.
          阻尼線圈
          同步交流發電機的阻尼線圈是指嵌繞在轉子磁極間的導線,他們分別在兩極用端環或端板相連接,主要功能是減弱因負載變化而引起的波形畸變。
          Ampacity
          Ampacity is the safe current-carrying capacity of an electrical conductor in amperes as defined by code.
          載流容量
          載流容量是以安培數來定義導線安全載流能力。
          Ampere
          The ampere is a unit of electric current flow. One ampere of current will flow when a potential of one volt is applied across a resistance of one ohm.
          安培
          安培是電流單位。1伏電壓作用于1歐姆的電阻上就會產生1安培的電流。
          Annunciator
          An annunciator is an accessory device used to give remote indication of the status of an operating component in a system. Annunciators are typically used in applications where the equipment monitored is not located in a portion of the facility that is normally attended. The NFPA has specific requirements for remote annunciators used in some applications, such as hospitals.
          指示器
          指示器作為一個附屬裝置常用于遠程顯示系統的各個組成部分的運行狀態。指示器通常使用在監測設備不在設備現場的應用。美國國家防火協會對指示器在某些行業的應用有特殊要求,例如醫院等。
          Apparent Power
          Apparent power is the product of current and voltage, expressed as kVA. It is real power (kW) divided by the power factor (PF).
          視在功率
          視在功率是電流和電壓共同作用的產物,用kVA表示。它等于有功功率(kW)除以功率因數。
          Armature
          The armature of an AC generator is the assembly of windings and metal core laminations in which the output voltage is induced. It is the stationary part (stator) in a revolving-field generator.
          電樞
          交流發電機電樞的是金屬芯和繞組的總成,產生感應電壓。電樞是旋轉磁場交流發電機的不動部分(定子)。

          B
          Backup Protection
          Backup protection consists of protective devices, which are intended to operate only after other protective devices have failed to operate or detect a fault.
          后備保護裝置
          后備保護裝置是在其他保護裝置動作失敗或發生故障時動作的保護裝置。
          Bandwidth
          The amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. For digital devices, it is expressed as bits per second, or bytes per second. For analog devices, it is usually expressed as cycles per second, or Hertz.
          帶寬
          在固定時間內可傳輸的數據量。在數字化設備中以位/秒或字/秒表示,在模擬(數字)設備中以周/秒或者赫茲表示。
          Base Load
          Base load is that portion of a building load demand which is constant. It is the "base" of the building demand curve.
          基本負荷
          基本負荷是指建筑負荷需求量中不變的那一部分,是構成負荷需求曲線的基數。
          Baud Rate
          The speed of data transmission in serial data communications approximately equal to the number of code elements (bits) per second (BPS). Bits per second are also termed BPS, with the prefix (k) denoting thousands.
          波特率
          串行數據傳輸速率,約等于每秒鐘傳輸的比特數。比特/秒也可以用BPS表示,kBPS表示千比特/秒。
          Binding
          The process of making the logical connections to the network (also called connecting). This involves connecting network variable outputs to network variable inputs using LonWorks software.
          綁定
          與網絡進行邏輯連接的過程(也可以叫做連接),包括把輸出變量與輸入變量用LonWorks軟件綁定。
          Bit
          Binary Digit.

          2進制數字
          Black Start
          Black Start refers to the starting of a power system with its own power sources, without the assistance from external power supplies.
          黑啟動
          黑啟動是指依靠系統內部的電源,而不借助外部的電力進行的啟動。
          Boolean
          A logical system used to express one of two states, such as on or off (yes or no, 1 or 0, etc.)
          布爾類型
          用于表示2種狀態之一的邏輯系統,例如開或關(是或否,1或0等)。
          Bus Capacity
          Bus capacity is the maximum load that can be carried on a system without causing degradation of the generator frequency to less than a prescribed level (usually 59 Hz in a 60 Hz system).
          母排容量
          母排容量是指在發電機頻率不被壓低的情況下,系統所能帶動的最大負載。

          C
          CT (Current Transformer)
          Current transformers are instrument transformers used in conjunction with ammeters, control circuits and protective relaying. They usually have 5 ampere secondaries.
          電流互感器
          電流互感器是一種儀表變壓器,通常與電流表、控制電路、保護繼電器配套使用。
          Circuit
          A circuit is a path for an electric current across a potential (voltage).
          電路
          電路是電流通過電勢(電壓)的路徑。
          Circuit Breaker
          A circuit breaker is a protective device that automatically interrupts the current flowing through it when that current exceeds a certain value for a specified period of time. See Air Circuit Breaker, Main Breaker, Molded Case Circuit Breaker and Power Circuit Breaker.
          線路斷路器
          線路斷路器是一個保護裝置,當通過它的電流超過某個安全設定值一定時間后,它就能夠自動切斷電流。(見空氣線路斷路器、主開關、塑殼線路斷路器等)。
          Circulating Harmonic Currents
          Circulating Harmonic Currents are currents that flow because of differences in voltage waveforms between paralleled power sources, or induced by operation of non-linear loads.
          諧波環流
          諧波環流是由并聯電源間不同的電壓波形或者非線性負荷運轉而產生的電流。
          Continuous Load
          A continuous load is a load where the maximum current is expected to continue for three hours or more (as defined by the NEC for design calculations).
          持續負荷
          持續負荷是指使電流在3個小時或更長時間(根據NEC的定義)內需保持最大值的負荷。
          Current
          Current is the flow of electric charge. Its unit of measure is the ampere.
          電流
          電流是電荷的流動,以安培為單位。
          Cycle
          A cycle is one complete reversal of an alternating current or voltage from zero to a positive maximum to zero again and then from zero to a negative maximum to zero again. The number of cycles per second is the frequency.
          周期
          周期是指交流電流或電壓從零到正最大值再到零,然后從零到負最大值再到零這樣一個往復的過程;而頻率則是指每秒可完成的周期數。

          D
          Dead Bus
          Dead Bus refers to the de-energized state of the power connections between outputs of paralleled generator sets. The term bus in this usage can either be rigid solid bus bars or insulated flexible cables.
          不帶電母排
          不帶電母排是指連接并聯發電機組輸出之間的電力連接處于不帶電狀態。這里所指的母排可能是堅硬的實心匯流條,也可能是柔韌的絕緣電纜。
          Delta Connection
          Delta connection refers to a three phase connection in which the start of each phase is connected to the end of the next phase, forming the triangle-shaped Greek letter Delta. The load lines are connected to the corners of the triangle.
          三角形連接
          三角形連接是指在三相連接中,相臨兩相首尾相連,構成三角形的希臘字母Delta,負荷線連接在三角形的角上。
          Differential Relay
          A differential relay is a protective device that is fed by current transformers located at two different series points in the electrical system. The differential relay compares the currents and picks up when there is a difference in the two, which signifies a fault in the zone of protection. These devices are typically used to protect windings in generators or transformers.
          差動繼電器
          作為保護裝置,差動繼電器由位于系統中兩個不同位置的電流互感器提供反饋信息。差動繼電器對電流進行比較,如果存在不同則表示受保護區域內有故障存在。這些裝置常被用于保護發電機或變壓器的線圈。
          Digital Master Control (DMC)
          This device is designed to control the power systems in a facility. It is offered as an option on Cummins switchgear.
          數字主控制器
          數字主控制器是用于控制設備電力系統的裝置。在康明斯開關柜中數字主控制器是選配件。
          Direct Current (DC)
          Direct current is current with no reversals in polarity.
          直流
          直流是指沒有正負極性往復變化的電流。
          Distributed Control System
          A collection of nodes that interact to control a system whose components are spread out over some distance. Each node has intelligence for operating its own particular component of the system. Different parts of the system communicate status and control information with one another to form a distributed control system. Typically, they communicate on a peer-to-peer level. This is different from a type of system where all control and interaction between components is dictated by one central control. This is a common master/slave arrangement.
          分布式控制系統
          分布式控制系統是由分布在不同位置但互相作用的節點構成。每個節點具有智能,可以對各自系統操作控制。系統不同部分之間的通信狀態和控制信息交流構成了分布式控制系統,這種系統內的通信是點對點方式,有別于所有的控制以及組成部分之間的通信都由一個中央控制器完成的系統。
          Distribution Circuit Breaker
          A distribution circuit breaker is a device used for overload and short current protection of loads connected to a main distribution device.
          配電線路開關
          配電線路開關是給連接在主配電設備上的負荷提供過載和短路保護的裝置。
          Droop Load Sharing
          Droop load sharing is a method of making two or more parallel generator sets share a system kW load. This is accomplished by having each governor control adjusted so that the sets have the same droop (reduction of speed). Typical droop is two cycles in frequency from no load to full load.
          轉速降負荷分配
          轉速降負荷分配是兩臺或多臺機組負荷分配的一種方法。這通過每臺并聯機組調速器具備相同的轉速降。從空載到滿載轉速降一般為兩赫茲。

          E
          Efficiency (EFF)
          Efficiency is the ratio of energy output to energy input, such as the ratio between the electrical energy input to a motor and the mechanical energy output at the shaft of the motor.
          效率
          效率是輸出能量與輸入能量的比率,例如輸入到電動機的電能與電機軸承輸出的機械能的之間的比率。
          Emergency System
          An emergency system is independent power generation equipment that is legally required to feed equipment or systems whose failure may present a life safety hazard to persons or property.
          應急系統
          應急系統是指根據相關法規要求,為那些可能會危及生命安全或造成財產重大損失的設備或系統提供電源的獨立發電設備。
          Energy
          Energy is manifest in forms such as electricity, heat, light and the capacity to do work. It is convertible from one form to another, such as in a generator set, which converts rotating mechanical energy into electrical energy. Typical units of energy are kW/h, Btu (British thermal unit), Hp/h, ft/lbf, joule and calorie.
          能量
          能量以電能、熱能、光能等形式存在,可以做功,也可以從一種形式轉換為另一種形式,例如發電機組能把機械能轉變為電能。經常用的能量單位有:千瓦/小時、英國熱量單位、馬力/小時、焦耳、卡等。

          F
          Fault
          A fault is any unintended flow of current outside its intended circuit path in an electrical system.
          故障
          故障是指在電力系統中任何電流跑出正常電路以外的情況。
          Feeder Circuit Breaker
          See Distribution Circuit Breaker.
          饋電線路開關
          見“配電線路開關”。
          Fiber Optic Cable
          A technology using glass or plastic threads (fibers) to transmit data. A fiber optic cable is a bundle of either glass or plastic threads capable of transmitting messages modulated into light waves. Typically, fiber optic cable has greater bandwidth allowing them to carry more data than metal wires. Fiber optic cable is lighter and less susceptible to interference than metal wires. Also, data can be transmitted digitally rather being transformed into analog data for transmission as is the case with metal wires when used for computer data transmission. Fiber optics are becoming increasingly more common for use with Local-Area Networks (LANs).
          光纜
          光纜是指使用玻璃或塑料束(光纖)來傳輸數據。光纖是一束可以用來傳遞被調制成光波的信息的玻璃或塑料管。與金屬電線相比,光纜的特點是帶寬更大,質量更輕,可以傳導更多數據,抗干擾性能更好,并且數據是以數字形式而不是模擬形式傳播。光纜在局域網領域的使用越來越普遍。
          First Start Sensor
          A first start sensor is an electronic device within some paralleling equipment that senses generator set and bus voltage and frequency, and determines whether or not a generator set is the first unit ready to close to the bus following a call to start under "black start" conditions.
          首啟動傳感器
          首啟動傳感器是應用于某些并聯設備中的電子裝置,功能是感知發電機組和母排的電壓、頻率,判斷哪個機組在接到“黑啟動”信號后第一個可以合到母排。
          Frequency
          Frequency is the number of complete cycles per unit of time of any periodically varying quantity, such as alternating voltage or current. It is usually expressed as (Hz) Hertz or CPS (cycles per second).
          頻率
          頻率是指周期性變化的事物(如交流電壓和電流等)在單位時間內完成的周期數,常用單位是赫茲(Hz)或周期/秒(CPS)。
          Frequency Adjust Potentiometer
          A frequency adjust potentiometer is used to manually bring the frequency (speed) of the incoming set to that of the bus for synchronizing purposes. When the generator set is paralleled, operation of this potentiometer will adjust the kW load assumed by the generator set.
          頻率調整電位器
          頻率調整電位器是用于手動調整輸入機組的頻率使之與母排同步。當機組并聯后,電位器可以調整為機組輸出功率值。
          Frequency Regulation
          Frequency regulation is a measure that states the difference between no-load and full-load frequency as a percentage of full-load frequency.
          頻率調整率
          頻率調整率是指空載和滿載之間頻率的差別與滿載頻率的百分比。

          G
          Gateway
          A device that acts as an interface between two different communication protocols. The Network Gateway Module (NGM) provides a communication protocol that a PC can understand. Other gateway devices may be used to interface between our Lontalk protocol and other systems such as a SCADA or Building Automation System. Typically, a gateway becomes necessary when a SCADA or BAS does not have a driver developed for Lontalk.
          網關
          網關是兩個不同的通訊協議之間的接口,網關模塊(NGM)提供了個人電腦可理解的通訊協議。其他網關設施可能被用作我們的Lontalk 協議和其他系統(如SCADA或樓宇自動化系統)之間的接口裝置。當SCADA或樓宇自動化系統沒有Lontalk的驅動時,網關就是必不可少的。
          Generator
          A generator is a machine which converts rotating mechanical energy into electrical energy.
          發電機
          發電機是把(旋轉)機械能轉化為電能的裝置。
          Genset Communication Module (GCM)
          The GCM provides a communication gateway between the Model 3100 PowerCommand Control (PCCI) and the network. The GCM communicates with the PCCI control over a serial data link. The GCM gets data from the PCCI controls such as voltage, current, engine speed, oil temperature, etc. and then sends it out on the network if another network node is bound to it or requesting data.
          機組通訊板
          機組通訊板(GCM)是 PCC3100 控制器和網絡之間的通訊接口。GCM與PCC通過串行數據連接。GCM從PCC得到如電壓、電流、發動機轉速、油溫等,再把它們發送給需要這些信息的網絡節點。
          Governor
          A governor is a device on the engine which controls fuel to maintain a constant engine speed under various load conditions. The governor must have provision for adjusting speed (generator frequency) and speed droop (no load to full load).
          調速器
          調速器是安裝在發動機上的一個裝置,在不同的負載條件下通過控制燃料量來保持發動機的恒定轉速。調速器必須具備轉速調整(發電機頻率)和降速降調整(零負荷到滿負荷)功能。
          Grid
          The utility-owned power distribution system.
          電網
          電網是指電廠的電力輸送系統。
          Ground
          A ground is a connection, either intentional or accidental, between an electrical circuit and the earth or some conducting body serving in place of the earth.
          接地
          接地是電路與地渺幡巍懟啤笑桅痞兀地面上的導體的連接,可以是有意的也可以是意外的。
          Ground Fault Protection
          This function trips (opens) a circuit breaker or sounds an alarm in the event that there is an electrical fault between one or more of the phase conductors and ground (earth). This ground fault protection function may be incorporated into a circuit breaker.
          接地故障保護
          當一個或多個相導線與地之間出現電氣故障時,接地故障保護通過跳脫斷路器或報警來示警。這種功能可以一體化設計在斷路器上。

          本文地址:http://www.dgfhjy.com.cn/news/2009519/n0553225.html 網友評論: 閱讀次數:
          版權聲明:凡本站原創文章,未經授權,禁止轉載,否則追究法律責任。
        1. 上一篇:沒有了
        2. 相關評論
          正在加載評論列表...
          評論表單加載中...
          • 我要分享
          更多
          推薦圖片
          三级床上长片完整版录像 - 视频 - 在线观看 - 影视资讯 - 品尚网